Economy3 hours ago (Nov 17, 2020 09:44AM ET)
By Geoffrey Smith
Investing.com –The world’s central banks have eased monetary policy dramatically this year to support the world economy through the pandemic. They argue, and many agree, that they’ve saved millions of jobs and untold amounts of capital in so doing.
The side-effects of that policy – in the form of asset price bubbles – are becoming increasingly clear.
In the mainstream investing universe, it was gold that grabbed most of the headlines during the first part of the pandemic with its record run up to $2,089.20 dollars a troy ounce. In a world where the equities were collapsing and oil prices even dipped below zero, gold’s 32% rally from the start of the year seemed worth the superlatives.
However, that rally is now being emphatically put in the shade by a different ‘alternative asset’: .
For half a century, gold has been the haven that particularly retail investors have sought out at times when they were afraid of currency debasement by the world’s governments and central banks.
That was so when the dollar collapsed along with the whole Bretton Woods system in the early 1970s, when the devaluation of fiat currencies was evident in soaring rates of inflation. But it was also true in the years after the 2008 financial crisis, when consumer prices were stagnant or flirted with deflation, and the only inflation in sight was in the price of financial assets such as stocks and bonds.
In both periods, central bank balance sheets expanded quickly, and this seems to be the common factor again. From the end of 2019, the Federal Reserve’s balance sheet has expanded by $3 trillion to $7.17 trillion, while the European Central Bank’s has expanded by almost as much, from 4.67 trillion euros to 6.98 trillion.
With the world economy slowing again, the ECB’s president Christine Lagarde has all-but promised a further expansion of money creation at the governing council meeting on December 10th. The Fed, meanwhile, is widely expected to expand its asset purchases at its policy meeting on December 16th.
But gold has not responded positively to market expectations. It’s down nearly 9% from its August peak.
Bitcoin, by contrast, is going from strength to strength. It’s up 130% for the year to date and its gains have accelerated sharply just in the last month. Why so? With Bitcoin, an asset whose supply is controlled even more tightly than gold, the explanation is always in an expansion of demand. That has benefited from two clear examples of the long-term trend that is the heart of the bull case for Bitcoin: broadening public acceptance.
On the one hand, Paypal’s decision to administer wallets denominated in Bitcoin is a quantum leap towards the financial mainstream for the digital currency. Millions of people who would not trust a poorly-regulated Bitcoin exchange in some remote part of the world to take custody of their money are perfectly willing to trust Paypal – a much more established brand – to do it.
Secondly, there is now a regulated investment vehicle through which it is possible to gain exposure to Bitcoin. Inflows into Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust have allowed it to amass over 500,000 Bitcoin, worth over $8.3 billion at Tuesday’s prices. Bitcoin is now back trading at nearly $17,000 and looking quite capable of taking out the $20,000 level, according to many analysts.
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